In the Republic of India's first three general elections, in , , and , the Jawaharlal Nehru -led Congress won easy victories. The passage of the law stopped the legal exports, but illegal trafficking has continued. Chances are if you work for a large American company and call tech support, you end up talking to someone in Bangalore or Mumbai or Pune.
'Electric Cars India' - 20 News Result(s)
NITI Aayog proposes formation of six committees that will look in to different aspects required to create a sustainable ecosystem for EVs in India. Volkswagen is monitoring electric vehicle scenario in India and will be ready with its range of products for the country as soon as the market is ready, a company official said. Globally, VW has readjusted its strategy to embrace e-mobility and committed huge investments towards new generation electric vehicles from The Government had announced that India will be moving to an all electric car fleet by and car manufacturers are getting ready to meet the deadline.
Today, automobile along with automobile component industry is one of the key drivers of India's economic growth, contributing 7. The EESL would also have plans for procuring electric buses in the country but the scale of business would depend on demand. India's only electric carmaker at present, Mahindra Electric has announced a new milestone as part of its electric mobility revolution, completing 50 million electric km on Indian roads.
With the Mahindra e2o and the four-door e2oPlus electric vehicles EVs , the electric automaker managed about , kg of carbon dioxide emissions from entering In a stern warning to the auto industry, road transport minister Nitin Gadkari on Thursday asked companies to start building electric and alternative fuel vehicles or risk being overtaken by policy changes.
Nitin Gadkari Tells Carmakers: Many car makers including Audi have stated recently that itll be ready to bring in electric cars by to India but the infrastructure as such is a big problem, a sentiment that even exclusive electric car maker Tesla shared.
Home Topic Electric Cars India. Survey IANS Friday September 7, Around 87 per cent of the respondents believe that the need for reducing air pollution is the best reason to purchase an electric vehicle, a survey commissioned by Climate Trends and carried out by FourthLion Technologies showed on Thursday. This preference is explained by the availability of inexpensive labor and the large number of productive sawmills. India is growing market for partially finished and ready-to-assemble furniture.
The Indian market is accustomed to teak and other hardwoods that are perceived to be more resistant to termites, decay and are able to withstand the tropical climate. Teak wood is typically seen as a benchmark with respect to grade and prices of other wood species. Major imported wood species are tropical woods such as mahogany, garjan, marianti, and sapeli.
Plantation timber includes teak, eucalyptus, and poplar, as well as spruce, pine, and fir. India imports small quantities of temperate hardwoods such as ash, maple, cherry, oak, walnut, beech, etc. India is the world's third largest hardwood log importer. In , India imported million cubic metres of roundwood mostly for fuel wood application, Indian forests are more than trees and an economic resource. They are home to some of earth's unique flora and fauna. Indian forests represent one of the 12 mega biodiverse regions of the world.
India's Western Ghats and Eastern Himalayas are amongst the 32 biodiversity hotspots on earth. Over mammal species are found here. India has one of the richest variety of bird species on earth, hosting about Many of these flora and fauna species are endemic to India. India was, until , one of the largest exporters of wild birds to international bird markets.
Most of the birds traded were parakeets and munias. Most of these birds were exported to countries in Europe and the Middle East. In , India passed a law that banned all trade and trapping of indigenous birds in the country.
The passage of the law stopped the legal exports, but illegal trafficking has continued. In , for example, an attempt to smuggle some 10, wild birds was discovered, and these birds were confiscated at the Mumbai international airport. Tens of thousands of birds are trapped from the forests of India, and traded every month to serve the demand for bird pets.
Another market driver for bird trapping and trade is the segment of Indians who on certain religious occasions, buy birds in captivity and free them as an act of kindness to all living beings of the world.
Trappers and traders know of the need for piety in these people, and ensure a reliable supply of wild birds so that they can satisfy their urge to do good. The trappers, a detailed survey and investigation reveals are primarily tribal communities. The trappers lead a life of poverty and migrate over time. Their primary motivation was economics and the need to financially support their families.
Trapping and transport of trapped birds from India's forests has high injury and losses, as in other parts of the world. For every bird that reaches the market for a sale, many more die. The role of forests in the national economy and in ecology was further emphasized in the National Forest Policy, which focused on ensuring environmental stability, restoring the ecological balance, and preserving the remaining forests. Other objectives of the policy were meeting the need for fuelwood, fodder, and small timber for rural and tribal people while recognising the need to actively involve local people in the management of forest resources.
Also in , the Forest Conservation Act,  was amended to facilitate stricter conservation measures. In June , the central government adopted resolutions that combined forest science with social forestry, that is, taking the sociocultural traditions of the local people into.
The cumulative area afforested during the period was nearly , square kilometres. However, despite large-scale tree planting programmes, forestry is one arena in which India has actually regressed since independence. Annual fellings at about four times the growth rate are a major cause. Widespread pilfering by villagers for firewood and fodder also represents a major decrement. In addition, the National Forest Policy noted, the forested area has been shrinking as a result of land cleared for farming and development programmes.
Between and , as evidenced by satellite data, India has reversed the deforestation trend. FAO reports India's rate of forest addition has increased in recent years, and as of , it is the third fastest in the world in increasing forest cover.
The Indian national forest policy document emphasizes the need to combine India's effort at forest conservation with sustainable forest management. Chipko movement in India started in the s around a dispute on how and who should have a right to harvest forest resources.
Although the Chipko movement is now practically non-existent in Uttarakhand , the Indian state of its origin, it remains one of the most frequently deployed examples of an environmental and a people's movement in developing countries such as India. What caused Chipko is now a subject of debate; some neopopulists theorise Chipko as an environmental movement and an attempt to save forests, while others suggest that Chipko movement had nothing to do with eco-conservation, but was driven primarily to demand equal rights to harvest forests by local communities.
According to one set of writers: Since the early s, as they realised that deforestation threatened not only the ecology but their livelihood in a variety of ways, people have become more interested and involved in conservation.
The best known popular activist movement is the Chipko Movement, in which local women under the leadership of Chandi Prasad Bhatt and Sunderlal Bahuguna , decided to fight the government and the vested interests to save trees. The residents declared that they would embrace—literally "to stick to" chipkna in Hindi --trees to prevent cutting of ash trees in their district.
According to those  who critique the ecological awareness and similar theories, Chipko had nothing to do with protecting forests, rather it was an economic struggle using the traditional Indian way of non-violence. These scientists point out that very little is left of the Chipko movements today in its region of origin save for its memory, even though the quality of forests and its use remains a critical issue for India.
To explain the cause of Chipko movement, they find that government officials had ignored the subsistence issues of the local communities, who depended on forests for fuel, fodder, fertiliser and sustenance resources.
These researchers claim that local interviews and fact finding confirms that local communities had filed complaints requesting the right to commercially exploit the forests around them. Their requests were denied, while permits to fell trees and exploit those same forests were granted to government-favoured non-resident contractors including a sporting company named Symonds.
A protest that became Chipko movement followed. The movement grew and Indian government responded by imposing a year ban on felling all trees above metres in the region directly as a result of the Chipko agitations. This legislation was deeply resented by many communities supporting Chipko because, the regulation further excluded the local people from the forest around them. Opposition to the legislation resulted in so-called 'Ped Katao Andolan' in the same region, a movement to cut the trees down in order to defy the new legislation.
The people behind Chipko movement felt that the government did not understand or care about their economic situation. Chipko movement, at the very least, suggests that forests in India are an important and integral resource for communities that live within these forests, or survive near the fringes of these forests. A major threat to forests of India are in its northeastern states.
From ancient times, the locals have practiced slash-and-burn shifting cultivation to grow food. The tribal people consider it a tradition, and economic ecosystem. However, the slash and burn causes damage to a dense forest, to soil, to flora and fauna, as well as pollution. The crop yields are very poor with jhum cultivation. Between and , satellite studies confirmed a net loss of forest cover over these northeastern states. There is a concerted effort by the state government officials to educate, incentivize and train jhum dependent families to horticulture and other high value crops, along with an offer of food supply security.
Bamboo-based textiles and value added forest products industries are also being encouraged by the local officials. A publication claimed that protected forest areas in several parts of India, such as Jammu and Kashmir , Himachal Pradesh , Karnataka and Jharkhand, were vulnerable to illegal logging by timber mafias that have coopted or intimidated forestry officials, local politicians, businesses and citizenry. In , forestry in India underwent a major change with the passage of the Forest Rights Act , a new legislation that sought to address the needs of forest dwelling communities that resulted from the failure to record their rights over forest land and resources.
It also sought to bring in new forms of community conservation. Indian peafowl spotted at Kambalakonda Wildlife Sanctuary in Visakhapatnam. Mahua seeds, a forest product, are a rich oil source, used for skin care, to make soap, veggie butter and fuel oil.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Part of a series on the Wildlife of India Biodiversity. Biosphere reserves Wildlife sanctuaries Conservation areas Private protected areas Reserved and protected forests. Conservation and community reserves. National Ministry of Environment and Forests. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. Hinglajgarh Forest in Madhya Pradesh. Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations.
United Nations Environmental Programme. Archived from the original PDF on 26 May FAO - United Nations. Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India. Archived from the original PDF on 4 May Archived from the original PDF on 19 November Ministry of Environment and Forests. Archived from the original PDF on 26 January Retrieved 27 March MoEF, Government of India. A study of illegal trade, trapping and use of owls in India" PDF. Journal of Peasant Studies. The Forest Department is perceived as corrupt, colluding with timber contractors the timber mafia , and taking bribes from the communities in return for Politicians are chary of getting on the wrong side of the timber mafia, which has proved to be extremely generous during election time Forest areas deforestation Ministries Research institutes Universities and colleges Technical schools.