Peer-Reviewed Journals SPE’s peer review process provides invaluable constructive feedback from experts in your field, allowing you to make a good paper even better.

To demonstrate a good overview of the general subject area it should be specified what aspects will not be addressed and how this will limit conclusions.

Information for Authors

Books. University of Toronto Press is Canada’s leading academic publisher and one of the largest university presses in North America, with particular strengths in .

Simpler is always better. Use a common typeface such as Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, or Times in a readable size 11 or 12 points is usually adequate. In running text, formatting other than the usual uses of italic, superscript, and subscript is discouraged.

During the copyediting process all extraneous formatting will, in any case, be stripped from the file to ensure smooth intake into the layout program used by the page compositor. Include a structured abstract of no more than words for original and review articles. For other major manuscripts, include an unstructured abstract of no more than words that summarizes the objective, main points, and conclusions of the article.

Abstracts are not required for editorials, commentaries, and letters to the editor. After the abstract, list up to eight key words or phrases for journal not library database indexing. A list of key words is required for all submissions except editorials and commentaries. Present the key words in one paragraph, separated by commas, with no terminal punctuation.

For examples of Practice Guidelines, Cancer Narratives, and Meeting Reports, please view previously published material at www. Multi-word phrases used frequently four times or more in the text may be abbreviated if necessary.

Note that, with respect to introducing and using abbreviations, the abstract, main body of the article, and each figure and table are considered entirely separate entities, and the abbreviation rule applies to each entity separately, except that in the abstract and figures, abbreviations can be introduced even if the abbreviated phrase is repeated only once or twice.

Note that sentences may never begin with an abbreviation. Rewrite to avoid or spell the phrase in full. Abbreviations for units of measurement and standard scientific symbols for example, 3 mL, Na, DNA may be used without explanation, as may the standard abbreviations for the long names of chemical substances for example, EDTA. Chemotherapeutic regimens may be shown as abbreviations on first or even only reference, but list the component drugs in parentheses [for example, FOLFIRI irinotecan—5-fluorouracil—leucoverin ].

Abbreviations used in figures must be defined in the figure legend. In tables, strive for a balance between readability and space-saving through abbreviation.

For examples, please view previously published material at www. Use the SI system, and its standard symbols, throughout the manuscript. When units other than SI units are widely used, they can be indicated in parentheses after the SI unit. In tables, specify the units for a column or row in the column or row stub rather than in every entry in the column or row. All dates are to be presented in the form dd Month yyy: Certain symbols that are frequently used in biomedical publications Greek and mathematical symbols primarily do not usually import correctly from word processing files into page layout programs.

Authors can feel free to use these symbols, but during the copyediting process, they will be changed into codes that the page compositor can locate in a search-and-replace operation to drop the correct symbols into the laid-out pages. Use generic names for all drugs. Instruments may be referred to by their proprietary name; the name and headquarters location of the manufacturer must be given in parentheses in the text.

Computer programs used for statistical analysis, image analysis, and lab analysis may also be mentioned by proprietary name; again, give the name and headquarters of the manufacturer in parentheses in the text.

All papers are published in English, and authors who are not fluent in English are advised to seek editorial help before submitting their papers. This will help to ensure that the academic content of the paper is fully understood by the journal editors and reviewers. With some minor modifications, Current Oncology follows the stylistic standard outlined in the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals http: The Uniform Requirements style is based to a large extent on the standard used by the U.

Citations appearing in tables and figures must fit into the numbering sequence from the point at which the table or figure is first mentioned in the text. In text, tables, and legends, reference citations are to be presented as superscripts. Do not use ibid. Title of article in sentence case. The accuracy of risk scores in predicting ovarian malignancy: Randomised study of systematic lymphadenectomy in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer macroscopically confined to the pelvis.

Br J Cancer ; Bicalutamide mg in addition to standard care in patients with localized or locally advanced prostate cancer: Role of pemetrexed in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer: A randomized phase III study of gefitinib versus standard chemotherapy gemcitabine plus cisplatin as a first-line treatment for never-smokers with advanced or metastatic adenocarcinoma of the lung [abstract PRS.

J Thorac Oncol ;4 suppl 1: For organizations that maintain online archives of published meeting abstracts for example the American Society of Clinical Oncology meeting abstract archive, and the San Francisco Breast Cancer Symposium abstract archive omit the page number.

Clinical activity observed in a phase I dose escalation trial of an oral c-Met and Alk inhibitor, PF [abstract ]. J Clin Oncol ; A meta-analysis of phase III trials evaluating the predictive value of HER2 and topoisomerase II alpha in early breast cancer patients treated with CMF or anthracycline-based adjuvant therapy [abstract ].

Breast Cancer Res Treat ; Title of Proceedings Book in Title Caps. Publisher City, State Province Country: Bengtsson S, Solheim BG. Enforcement of data protection, privacy and security in medical informatics. Title of Book in Title Caps. Edition number if edition 2 or later. City, State Province Country: Canadian Cancer Statistics Canadian Cancer Society; Title of chapter in sentence case. Treatment of metastatic breast cancer.

Diseases of the Breast. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events. Note that bare URLs or the home page of an organization are unacceptable references. Full publication details and a direct URL to the information being cited is required. Author or, if no author is available, the name of the organization responsible for the site. Government of Newfoundland and Labrador.

Government of Newfoundland and Labrador; Euthanasia Push Continues [Web page]. Article author or news organization if no byline is given. Newsweek ; November 4: Schmidt S, Postmedia News.

Feds cap caffeine in energy drinks. Warning labels; will have to list nutritional info. The Gazette Montreal ; October 7: Canadians smuggle in cheaper thalidomide. National Post ; May 5. If a journal article is not a research paper or abstract that is, it is a letter, an editorial, or similar , or if it was published in a language other than English, note the item type or the source language in brackets at the end of the title:. Enzensberger W, Fischer PA. Comparison of dissolution profile and plasma concentration—time profile of the thalidomide formulations made by Japanese, Mexican and British companies [Japanese].

If a journal article has an associated correction, note the details of the published erratum at the end of the reference:. Critical analysis of treatment modality and impact on outcome in peritoneal metastases from colorectal cancer: Improvement of cellularity on cell block preparations using the so-called tissue coagulum clot method during endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial fine-needle aspiration. Material that does not conform to any of the foregoing categories cannot appear in the reference list.

Citations of such material must be placed in the text, in parentheses, immediately after the text being supported by the citation. Alternatively, if the unpublished material is being cited in addition to one or more standard published sources, then an alphabetic footnote should be added to the end of the superscript citation numbers, with the unpublished source cited in the footnote.

Genomic heterogeneity between primary tumor and its metastases. Figures for reproduction should approximately fit within the typeset area of the journal. The following resolutions are optimal:. Other formats, such PDFs, may be used, but are not preferred. Drawings in made in Microsoft Word and Powerpoint are discouraged, because the display of such drawings varies with the settings of each computer used to view the file.

There is no guarantee that such figures will reproduce exactly as intended by the author. Save each figure in a separate file without its title or legend, and use simple file-naming conventions for example, Figure1, Figure2A. Please note it is the responsibility of the author s to obtain permission from the copyright holder to reproduce figures or tables that have previously been published elsewhere.

This usually includes a full bibliographic reference to the original publication and an acknowledgement that the material is reproduced with permission from the rights owner. This should be included in the figure and table legends for the article submitted to Current Oncology.

Please note that all figures are reproduced in black and white in the print version of the journal. Colours in a figure that are of different hue but similar intensity might not be distinguishable when reproduced in shades of grey.

It is the author's responsibility to ensure that colours used in figures are distinguishable when printed in black and white. Any figure that is to be printed in colour should be specified by the author. All figures are to be individually uploaded in Step 4 of the online submission process.

Figures are not to be embedded in the article. Figures are to be numbered using arabic numerals 1, 2, 3, and so on in the order in which they are cited in the article text. If a figure has several panels, each panel should be identified using a uppercase alphabetic character A, B, C, and so on. Each figure should have a title and an explanatory legend that clearly identifies the meaning of any symbols, arrows, numbers, or abbreviations used in the illustration.

The legend should permit the figure to be understood without reference to the text. If the figure has been previously published, a credit line should be included and a permission letter supplied by the author.

Title and legend information for each figure should be included with the article text, grouped and placed at the end of the manuscript, after the reference list. All figures will be placed close to their text citations during article layout. Make sure that each figure is cited in the article text.

Authors are asked to keep each table to a reasonable size; very large tables packed with data simply confuse the reader. Similarly, try to minimize the use of abbreviations, and if abbreviations must be used, use well-known and accepted forms to minimize the need for the reader to constantly refer to the table legend. The same data should not be presented in both a table and a figure.

Tables are to be numbered using uppercase roman numerals I, II, III, and so on in the order in which they are cited in the article text. Tables should also have a title above the table that summarizes the whole table; it should be no longer than 15 words. Every table column and row should be provided with an explanatory title stub, with units of measure applicable to the row or column clearly indicated.

Tables must be formatted using the table tool in a word processing program to ensure that columns of data remain aligned when the file is sent electronically for review.

The table should be formatted with a horizontal line above the column title stubs, between the column title stubs and the table body, and at the end of the table body. Vertical lines, color, and shading are not to be used; parts of the table can be highlighted using symbols or bold text, the meaning of which should be explained in the table legend.

Tables must not be embedded as figures or spreadsheet files. When published studies are presented in a table, the studies must appear in order by year of publication from oldest top to most recent bottom , with studies published in the same year being ordered alphabetically by the family name of the first author. Footnotes follow the table body and should be indicated using superscripted lowercase letters a, b,c, and so on.

The table legends come after the footnotes and should be as concise as possible. Tables together with their footnotes and legends should be completely intelligible without reference to the text. All tables including their associated title, footnotes, and legends should appear in consecutive numerical order after the references and any figure legends. All tables will be placed close to their text citations during article layout. Make sure that each table is cited in the article text. Authors may submit supplemental material to accompany their article for online-only publication when there is insufficient space to include the material in the print article.

This material should be important to the understanding and interpretation of the report and should not repeat material in the print article. The amount of supplemental material should be limited and justified. The published article must be complete and self-explanatory without the supplemental material.

The material should be original and not previously published. Supplemental material will undergo editorial and peer review with the main manuscript. If the manuscript is accepted for publication and if the material is deemed appropriate for publication by the editors, it will be posted online at the time of publication of the article as additional material provided by the authors. This material will not be edited or formatted; thus, authors are responsible for the accuracy and presentation of all such material.

Files cannot be altered, nor new supplemental information added, after the paper has been accepted for publication unless requested by the Editorial Office. Supplemental material, with the exception of audio and video, should be submitted in a single Word document, which will be converted to PDF prior to publication by the publisher.

The cover page should include the article title, authors, listing of supplemental files and corresponding author information. Each element included in the material should be cited in the text of the main manuscript eg. Supplemental Figure 1 and numbered in order of citation in the text eg, Supplemental Table 1, Supplemental Table 2, Supplemental Figure 1.

All supplemental material files are to be uploaded in Step 4 of the online submission process. Supplemental Text Supplemental text should be set in Times New Roman font, 10 point in size, and single-spaced. The main heading of the online-only text should be in 12 point and boldface; subheadings should be in 10 point and boldface. Supplemental text should be labelled as Supplemental Appendix 1, Supplemental Appendix 2.

References All references cited within the supplemental document must be included in a separate reference section, including those that also were cited in the main manuscript. They should be formatted just as in the main manuscript and numbered and cited consecutively in the supplemental material.

Supplemental Tables Supplemental tables should be inserted in the document and numbered consecutively according to the order of citation as Supplemental Table 1, Supplemental Table 2, etc. See also instructions for tables above. If a table runs on to subsequent pages, repeat the column headers at the top of each page. Wide tables may be presented using a landscape orientation. Supplemental Figures Supplemental figures should be inserted in the document and numbered consecutively according to the order of citation as Supplemental Figure 1, Supplemental Figure 2, etc.

See also instructions for figures above. Wide figures may be presented using a landscape orientation. Video Submit videos according to the following specifications:. Authors will be notified if problems exist with videos as submitted and will be asked to modify them.

No editing will be done to the videos at the editorial office. All changes are the responsibility of the author. File name s should be one word with no spaces and the appropriate extension at the end. For each video, provide a citation in the appropriate place in the manuscript text and include a title a brief phrase, preferably no longer than 10 to 15 words and a caption at the end of the manuscript.

In the video caption, specify the video file format and briefly describe the content of the video. If multiple video files are submitted, number them in the order in which they should be viewed. If the author does not hold copyright to the video, the author must obtain permission for the video to be published in Current Oncology.

This permission must be for unrestricted use in all print, online, and licensed versions of Current Oncology. Audio Please submit audio files according to the following minimum requirements:. For each audio, provide a citation in the appropriate place in the manuscript text. Ensure the audio is briefly described within the text preferably no longer than 10 to 15 words. Payment must be made within 30 days. Asrecommended by the ICJME, Current Oncology encourages authors to follow these guidelines because they help authors describe the study in enough detail for it to be evaluated by editors, reviewers, readers, and other researchers evaluating the medical literature.

Specific guidelines for Current Oncology related to Clinical Trials are below. The ICMJE defines a clinical trial as any research project that prospectively assigns people or a group of people to an intervention, with or without concurrent comparison or control groups, to study the cause-and-effect relationship between a health-related intervention and a health outcome.

Health-related interventions are those used to modify a biomedical or health-related outcome; examples include drugs, surgical procedures, devices, behavioural treatments, dietary interventions, quality improvement interventions, and process-of-care changes.

Health outcomes are any biomedical or health-related measures obtained in patients or participants, including pharmacokinetic measures and adverse events. The ICMJE does not define the timing of first patient enrollment, but best practice dictates registration by the time of first patient consent. Current Oncology , has adopted the recommendation from the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors ICMJE which requires, as a condition of consideration for publication of clinical trials, registration in a public trials registry if patient recruitment began on or after July 1, Trials must register at or before the onset of patient enrolment.

The clinical trial registration number must be included at the end of the abstract of the article. Authors can post their results in clinical trial registries as part of these requirements without it being considered previously published or overlapping publication. Manuscripts must be submitted online via the Current Oncology online manuscript submission and review system at http: Registration and login are required to submit items online and to check the status of current submissions.

The guidelines below contain information pertaining to online manuscript submission. The following information will help you submit manuscript to the Current Oncology Web-based peer review system.

Once you have submitted your article, you will be able to monitor the progress of your manuscript through the peer review process. If you do not remember your username or password, click here. You must ensure you are enrolled as an author to submit a manuscript. In order to submit an article, you must first register as an author and create a username and password. Once you have created an account with the Current Oncology Web site, you will be able to submit a paper, and track its progress.

You can edit your account at any time by logging in and selecting "Edit My Profile" in the User Home. Once selected, the next page will be step 1 of the 5-step online submission process. Starting the Submission Step 2: Uploading the Submission Step 3: Entering the Submission's Metadata Step 4: Uploading Supplementary Files Step 4a: The author will be asked to select the appropriate section for the submission.

If the submission is an original article, the author will be asked to indicate the appropriate sub-section ie: Medical Oncology, Radiation Oncology, etc. The author must then complete the submission checklist indicating the submission is prepared in the proper format as required by the Journal. The "Copyright Notice" must be check off nest thus agreeing that copyright for articles published in Current Oncology is retained by the publisher, Multimed Inc.

The author may add any relevant comments here. To view the file which was uploaded, click on the file name. If the incorrect file was uploaded, click "Browse" beside the "Replace Submission File" field and follow the above steps.

The first, middle, and last name, and e-mail address of each author must be added. To add additional authors click "Add Author". The "Principal Contact for Editorial Correspondence" must also be selected here. Next, spaces are provided for the "Title and Abstract" of the submission. Keywords may be added in the space provided in the "Indexing" section.

Last, a space is available for the author to name any "Supporting Agencies" which provided funding or support for the work presented in the submission. Tables are not to be uploaded in this step; they are to be included in the manuscript in Step 2. If the incorrect file was uploaded, click "Browse" beside the "Replace File" field. Click Save and Continue at the bottom of this page to review files uploaded. To upload additional files, use the browse and upload tool and repeat step 4 and 4a.

This step allows the author to review the submission for accuracy, and review the files for submission. The submission's principal contact will receive an acknowledgement by e-mail and will be able to view the submission's progress through the editorial process by logging in to the journal Web site.

You will be notified by e-mail once a decision regarding you paper has been made. You should receive notification of the initial decision within 2—6 weeks of submission. If any further steps are required, they will be outlined in the e-mail. When a revision of a manuscript is requested, it is essential that you carefully follow the instructions given in the Editor's e-mail, which includes the comments from reviewers point-by-point. Please include your response to reviewers on the first page s of your revised manuscript file.

Failure to do so will cause a delay in the review of your revision and may result in return of the revision to you, without review, for proper preparation.

You must log into the Current Oncology Web site and then select "Author" from your profile. Please click on the title of the manuscript that you wish to upload a revision for. Clicking the title of the manuscript will take you to another page where you will see 3 tabs at the top of the page; Summary, Review, and Editing. Click on the "Review" tab. Scroll down to the bottom of the page to the "Editor Decision" section. This is where you upload the revised manuscript which also contains your response to reviewer comments.

To upload the revised manuscript, select "Browse" beside "Editor Decision". Once you locate the manuscript on your computer, select "Upload".

If you have revised figures to upload, see instructions below. To upload revised figures, please select the "Summary" tab at the top of the page. Here you can upload revised files. Please remember to re-name the files ex: Figure 1 - Revised. Once your revised manuscript and revised figures if applicable have been uploaded, click on the letter icon e-mail notification to notify the editor that your revised manuscript has been submitted.

Need assistance in knowing the topics of project in operations management. Also can I submit it before result of final theory papers? Sir I ignou mps student and I now make a mpse 10 dissertation proposal project report. So sir please help me how make it. Sir please correct my to and send to me the mpse10 dissertation solve Synopsis proposal. Can you kindly send me a sample project proposal to help me write one for my project.

I m a pgt physics at DAV school. Can u suggest a topic for me or can u please send me a sample of synopsis which can b helpful for my study or report. Sir I send my synopsis through speed post 06 09 Synopsis was dispached 09 09 to SO ignou But I am still waiting for the massege from psycholgy department plz help me. I am a student of Bca final year from ignou can you provide me the details or full material of two synopsis projects for submission.

To Our Email Address: Android App ignoustudynotes gmail. This should be brief and self-explanatory. It should relate directly to the main objective of the proposed research. A more specific and descriptive sub-title can be added if necessary, for example to indicate the main methodology that will be applied.

The title of the final report can be different from the working title of the synopsis. Here you should introduce the main problem, set it into context and introduce the particular niche within the main subject area that you will work with.

Review of the Literature: Review of literature is a collective body of works done by earlier researchers and published in the form of books, journals, articles.

It helps in generating ideas and developing significant questions for the research work. The rationale for carrying out the particular project is explained here. Objectives of the study: These should be identified on the basis of the problem analysis.

That means, after reading the problem analysis it should be immediately clear that the choice of objectives is relevant and justified. The objectives should focus on concepts and problems mentioned in the problem analysis Each research proposal should contain one overall objective describing the general contribution that the research project makes to the subject area as well as one or more specific objectives focusing on discrete tasks that will be achieved during the research.

Hypothesis of the study If any: These are predictions of the outcomes from the study. It is useful at the outset to specify the hypotheses in terms of the assumed relations between variables so as to clarify the position and pre-understanding of the researcher.

If statistical tests are to be conducted formulation of hypotheses is a crucial element of the research design. Hypotheses can be derived from theory, experience or knowledge concerning contextual factors. In purely quantitative, deductive research hypotheses are tested statistically, whereas in qualitative, inductive research hypotheses are not formulated.

The size and nature of the sample will depend on the topic selected. Although the specific or immediate objectives may be quite narrow, they could probably imply much more data collection and analysis than possible for a thesis. To demonstrate a good overview of the general subject area it should be specified what aspects will not be addressed and how this will limit conclusions. References have to be written in APA format.

These should be alphabetically listed. July 16, at July 23, at 8: May 28, at 7: June 3, at 6: June 20, at 4: June 23, at July 17, at 7: July 20, at 3: July 24, at Its really very helpful…pls send me the topic for education management courses.

July 24, at 2: March 24, at 3: March 24, at 6: April 2, at 3: Will be great help. Thank You Regards, Neha. April 2, at 5: June 24, at 8: June 27, at 1: August 13, at 9: August 14, at 2: August 18, at August 18, at 1: August 28, at 2: September 4, at 9: May 18, at May 28, at August 16, at 6: August 16, at 3: August 17, at 9: August 27, at 6: August 27, at 2: October 13, at 4: November 19, at 2: August 21, at 7: August 22, at 2: August 24, at 2: August 27, at 4: Plz provide me synopsis n project for Mba in finance.

August 29, at 3: September 1, at 3: September 11, at 9: September 22, at 5: September 11, at 4: September 12, at September 18, at September 24, at 5: September 25, at 3: September 27, at 7: September 29, at 3: September 28, at 1: Sir have no idea to do clinical psychology project synopsis.. June 18, at 4: September 28, at 3: September 29, at 2: October 2, at 6: October 4, at 3: October 3, at Hi I am a student of BTS could you pls help me with the topics of projects.

October 3, at 8: October 5, at 5: October 10, at 1: October 16, at 6: Send Hussain Mohd Koya. October 21, at October 26, at 8: November 17, at 3: November 7, at 8: November 16, at 5: November 17, at 2: December 3, at 3: December 5, at 8: December 4, at December 7, at 5: December 20, at 5: December 14, at December 14, at 2: December 15, at 4: Suggest me with the topic as well.

December 22, at 2: December 23, at December 24, at January 6, at 1: July 5, at 7: July 8, at 7: December 27, at January 1, at 6: January 6, at January 3, at 6: January 15, at January 25, at 7: January 26, at 6: January 26, at 7: January 27, at 7: February 7, at 9: February 9, at February 10, at 9: I am student of Dnhe.

Sir m confuse to choose my proposal topic in Dnhe.. February 10, at 2: February 13, at 3: February 13, at 5: February 13, at Please help me my phd ignou research proposal preparation phd commerce. February 14, at 5: February 16, at 7: February 17, at 7: March 1, at 5: March 3, at 5: March 3, at 6: March 4, at 8: March 7, at 6: March 6, at 6: March 6, at 8: March 6, at 9: March 7, at March 8, at 3: March 11, at 5: March 10, at 8: March 16, at 7: March 19, at 5: March 18, at 9: March 21, at March 21, at 6: March 22, at 5: March 23, at 6: March 22, at 9: March 24, at 8: Pls help me with the topics for project proposal for DNHE programme.

April 3, at 9: April 4, at 6: April 13, at 5: April 17, at 6: April 15, at 6: April 26, at 9: May 9, at May 9, at 8: May 12, at May 12, at 6: May 13, at 3: May 17, at 2: May 14, at 8: How to prepare synopsis of mecp of mec programme and which address it will sent.

May 14, at May 16, at 2: Sir please help me for pgdt project please sir provide me material for this project. May 22, at 7: Can you please suggest me few topics for research proposal.

May 23, at 4: May 25, at May 26, at 9: Hi , I need help to complete synopsis and project for MBA. May 31, at 6: May 31, at June 9, at June 11, at June 15, at June 21, at June 23, at 5: Dear sir can you pls send me project proforma of Ahe01 Ba ignou June 28, at 5: July 2, at July 21, at 9: July 24, at 3: