However, recent research does not support this opinion. Census Record There are 3, census records available for the last name Liechti.
Famous Liechti Family
Occupation can tell you about your ancestor's social and economic status. There are 3, census records available for the last name Liechti. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Liechti census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more. There are immigration records available for the last name Liechti. Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in the USA, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure.
Liechti Name Meaning Swiss German: Ready to discover your family story? They also showed that a lot of the ritus came from the civitas diaboli model of the Catholic church. Fasching MHG vaschanc or vaschang is related, probably originally with a second element -gang instead of -nacht. Fastnacht is held in the settlement area of the Germanic tribes of the Swabians and Alemanns , where Swabian - Alemannic dialects are spoken. In Standard German , schmutzig means "dirty", but in the Alemannic dialects schmotzig means "lard" Schmalz , or "fat";  "Greasy Thursday", as remaining winter stores of lard and butter used to be consumed at that time, before the fasting began.
Elsewhere the day is called "Women's Carnival" Weiberfastnacht , being the day when tradition says that women take control. In particular regions of Tyrol, Salzburg and Bavaria traditional processions of the Perchten welcome the springtime.
The Schönperchten beautiful Perchts represent the birth of new life in the awakening nature, the Schiachperchten "ugly Perchts" represent the dark spirits of wintertime. The nights between winter and spring, when evil ghosts are supposed to go around, are also called Rauhnächte rough nights. Swabian-Alemannic Fastnacht distinguishes itself from the Rhenish Carnival but did not develop an independent form until the first quarter of the 20th century.
Whilst Carnival developed a new form of Fastnacht in the 18th century, an influence, which was taken up by the Swabian-Alemannic Fastnacht as well, contemplations to look back took place in the 20th century, recalling the traditions of Fastnacht in the Middle Age and the Early modern period. The program of the coming Fastnacht is announced in public meetings, e. These are meetings of several thousands of jesters, and they are taking place almost every weekend in the weeks after Epiphany.
In many places, jesters will produce deafening noise using whips, or shaking the bells on the Häser costumes until they can be sure that every little bit of dust has fallen out; cleanliness is generally of great importance on January 6. In Rottenburg am Neckar , witches will conduct a similar procedure on the guests and furniture of local inns.
Tritt nun hervor aus Deiner Jahresbleibe. Dir sei geweiht die Fasnet im Jahre des Heils Come forth from where you have stayed all year. Bring joy to the old and the young. The number of Fastnacht events again is noticeably increasing everywhere by the 40th day after Christmas, the Candlemas on February 2.
Although in some places the Fastnacht celebrations already begin on November 11, as is common in the Rhenish regions, in Swabian-Allemanic areas, Fastnacht events typically only start off after the festive days following Christmas - on January 6, which is also Epiphany.
Drawing on an old custom, this is the day when the masks get a dusting and the first events and parades can begin. Strictly speaking, Fastnacht only begins with Fat Thursday the Thursday before Ash Wednesday , which is the climax of the celebrations and the time when the parades and other celebrations become more frequent.
There are also a number of recipes that are traditionally cooked at that time. Accordingly, to many Swabian-Allemanic Jesters the date when Fastnacht begins marks a crucial distinctive feature to Karneval. Many people consider January 6 to be the original starting date. However, recent research does not support this opinion.
On November 11, quite similar to Fastnachtsdienstag Shrove Tuesday , starts a pre-Christmas fasting period that lasts for forty days. Hence, on Martinmas , similar traditions to Fastnacht can be ascertained. However, November 11 only evolved into the beginning of Fastnachtssaison Carnival season with the emergence of Karneval in the 19th century.
After all, a Fastnacht that lasted over Advent season and Christmas would completely have opposed the meaning of these days. People used to wear masks and perform various songs and plays, for example, murder ballads. It was also common to gloss the actions of the fellow citizens at the roadside.
Today the people meet in pubs at fixed times and the undisguised jesters go from pub to pub together. The commonly used forms of expression are four-liners and songs. Although the Swabian-Alemanic Fastnacht basically takes place in pubs in restaurants, there is a short period of Fastnacht sessions inside of halls after Candlemess Lichtmess.
Local clubs contribute to Fastnacht by organizing dancing events. Originally, the Wednesday before Fastnacht has not been a traditional holiday for the Swabian-Alemannic jesters. However, during the post-war era, some customs have been established that are celebrated in the early evening and herald the time of Fastnacht. Parts of these customs are the proclamation German Ausrufen or search German Suche for Fastnacht in the Black Forest area, as well as the incantation of the masks German Maskenbeschwörung or the fountain-cleaning ritual in Upper Swabia.
Fastnacht-Tuesday is the day respectively the night before Lent, which always starts on Ash Wednesday. The date of the Ash Wednesday is strictly regulated. It is constantly located 46 days before Easter Sunday, which in turn is celebrated on the first Sunday after the earliest full moon in spring. Despite the reforms of the Council of Benevento, which had brought forward the date of the beginning of Lent by six days, the original date Tuesday, i the sixth week before eastern was not forgotten, especially in rural areas as well as in protestant areas, which did not recognise these resolutions of the council.
In these areas, Fastnacht continued to be celebrated just under a week later on Monday: Fastnacht was then frequently celebrated twice; the first Fastnacht, which ended on Ash Wednesday , was often called "Herren-" or "Pfaffenfastnacht" "lords'" or "parsons' Fastnacht" to differentiate it from the Bauernfastnacht.
The Groppenfastnacht in Ermatingen , on the Swiss south bank of the Bodensee , which is celebrated three weeks before Easter, is considered "the world's last Fastnacht".
In , its th anniversary was celebrated, and it is deemed to be the Fastnacht that is most rich in tradition in eastern Switzerland. Just like the carnival common in the Rhineland, the Swabian-Alemannic Fastnacht takes its origins from festivities, which were celebrated to consume perishable food before the beginning of lent.
This kind of events are recorded in central Europe at least since the 13th century. However, one should not compare those festivities, which were different from region to region, to the Fastnacht as we know it today. In addition to the excessive food consumption, customs like dances, parades or Fastnacht games became popular since the 14th century. This idea might have led to the invention of early Fastnacht figures such as devils and demons.
The jester, who was considered as another central figure of Fastnacht at that time, was seen as the embodiement of evanescence, separation from god and death. Whereas studies conducted before and during the s assumed that Fastnacht did not originate from Christian beliefs, scholars today agree that the existence of the church was a necessary condition for the emergence of Fastnacht.
Fastnacht was an opportunity for the people to criticise authorities and also the church. This often led to prohibitions of Fastnacht. Following the reformation, not only the period of fasting was dispensed with in the regions affected, but also the Fastnacht celebrations came to an end in many parts of Central Europe. Despite this, the tradition was still kept alive in individual protestant towns for some time. The Carnival of Basel is often presumed to be held at a later point than in other Swabian-Allemanic towns as a result of the reformation.
Freud Edit The psychoanalytical concept of "afterwardsness" German: In his "Notes on Afterwardsness" , based on a conversation of Jean Laplanche with Martin Stanton ,  there is an excellent definition of afterwardsness in Laplanche's sense, including the category of the enigmatic message , that highlights Laplanche's contribution to Freud 's concept: I want to account for this problem of the directional to and fro by arguing that, right at the start, there is something that goes in the direction from the past to the future, and in the direction from the adult to the baby, which I call the implantation of the enigmatic message.
This message is then retranslated following a temporal direction which is sometimes progressive and sometimes retrogressive according to my general model of translation. Psychoanalysis, Literature and Film Basingstoke , p. A Selection London , p.